Sierra Leone

Although 75% of its territory is arable land, Sierra Leone currently has just 20% under cultivation.

Sierra Leone is ranked towards the bottom of the list of food-producing countries. This unenviable position makes the country – and therefore its population – highly dependent on imports of basic commodities.

The civil war which broke out in 1991 caused widespread damage to local infrastructure and an exodus of qualified people. Sierra Leone is now one of the poorest countries in the world. Fortunately, since the end of the war in 2002, the country has returned to the path of genuine economic growth.

  • Palm oil

Palm oil is a traditional crop in Sierra Leone. It is consumed unprocessed at the rate of one kilo per person per month!

It is mainly produced by smallholders using traditional methods. The smallholdings suffer from a severe shortage of technical skills, and are unable to meet local demand. The figures speak for themselves: no less than 50% of oil consumed in the local market has to be imported.

Moreover, the oil deficit is likely to get worse because of factors such as:
- the creation of jobs generated by investments;
- the growth of the country’s population.

In 2011, being keen to modernise agriculture and meet local demand for vegetable oil, the government turned to various agro-industrial companies. However, the lack of skills in the workforce and the poor road infrastructure has hindered the achievement of the set objectives, and very few agro-industrial companies operate nationally.

To remedy this situation, an investment policy was recently set up to attract foreign investors to Sierra Leone.


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